Treatment for drug addiction is not a one-size-fits-all proposition. There are many different treatment options available to meet differing needs. A variety of factors influence the type of treatment that is right for each individual.
Long Term, Heavy Drug Users
People with a long history of heavy drug use and without jobs or social support systems may benefit most from long-term residential treatment programs that last 6 to 12 months. These programs often use the therapeutic community model and aim to retrain addicts so that they can develop new, healthier behaviors to replace their drug use. Long term treatment also involves individual and group therapy to help addicts understand why they felt driven to use drugs in the first place and work through those often deep-seated issues.
Heavy Users With Social Support
Short term inpatient treatment programs of 3 to 6 weeks may be the best option for addicts who have social support and want a shorter inpatient program. Although some research has shown that short term treatment programs lead to a higher risk of relapse than longer term programs, having social support after leaving treatment has been shown to reduce the risk of relapse. Short term programs also include continuing outpatient treatment and attendance at self-help meetings like Narcotics Anonymous to support sobriety and better treatment outcomes.
Users With Jobs or Families
Having a job, a family, or significant ties to the community can make it difficult to spend weeks or months in inpatient treatment. Intensive outpatient treatment or partial hospitalization programs usually require participants to spend 3 to 8 hours a day in treatment, but allow them to go home to family at night. Programs can also take place during the day or in the evening to allow people to keep working their normal schedule while treatment is taking place.
Intensive outpatient treatment and partial hospitalization programs involve individual and group therapy sessions as well as time for personal reflection and meditation. Programs include plenty of follow-up treatment while addicts adjust to new patterns of behavior and practice their sobriety.
Those attending outpatient treatment may find that they need at least a few days of detox to get the drugs out of their system before beginning treatment. Sometimes a hospital can provide this detox, which often involves medications to make withdrawal easier and less painful. Other times, addicts will need to be inpatient until detox is completed before beginning an intensive outpatient or partial hospitalization program.
When a Customized Approach is Needed
Individualized Drug Counseling addresses both stopping drug use and other areas of life that also need help, like family relationships and employment. It focuses on short-term behavioral goals and coping strategies to maintain abstinence.
When the Home Environment is Not Drug Free
While sober living facilities are often used after other treatment has been completed, in some cases these programs, which provide drug-free housing with in-house group and individual therapy and other social services, can be an effective form of treatment, particularly when someone has already completed treatment previously and needs a safe living environment where exposure to drugs will not be an issue.
These are only a handful of the most common approaches to addiction treatment programs; there are many more that are less common, but can be effective for some. Contact us to see what options we can offer you or your loved one struggling with addiction.