When it comes to drug addiction, there are no boundaries. People of all ages, genders, and income ranges, working in every industry and living in every part of the country are equally susceptible to the disorder. In fact, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) estimates of Americans over the age of 12, about one in 10 is living with a substance abuse or addiction disorder. Unfortunately, only about 11 percent of those over 2.6 million people get help or the treatment they need to heal, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

The Recovery Village at Palmer Lake offers a range of treatment opportunities to patients struggling with an addiction disorder alone or in addition to a co-occurring mental health disorder. Learn more about the comprehensive inpatient treatment programs available to you or your addicted family member when you call to speak to an admissions coordinator today.

The Difference Between Drug Treatment Options

There is a range of different addiction treatment programs and services available to patients in need of help overcoming a drug abuse or dependence problem. Each will offer a different style of treatment based on a specific philosophy of care and characterized by a unique set of treatment services that last for varying intervals. Patients should seek out treatment that is personalized to meet their needs, no matter whether they opt for inpatient treatment, intensive outpatient care, or outpatient addiction treatment services.

Inpatient Drug Rehab

Inpatient drug rehabilitation programs offer round-the-clock, acute care that speaks to every need of the patient. This 24-hour treatment option is the most comprehensive option available and provides everything, including:

  • Room and board
  • Medical detox, including detox medications if necessary
  • Medical care and supervision for co-occurring physical ailments if necessary
  • Evaluation and diagnosis to identify all issues facing the patient
  • A unique treatment plan
  • Personal therapy sessions
  • Group therapy sessions
  • Alternative treatment options (e.g., dance therapy, art therapy, exercise therapy)
  • Holistic treatment options (e.g., yoga, meditation, acupuncture)
  • Aftercare support

Upon intake, patients will be stabilized if necessary and then provided with intensive detox assistance and care. Medical supervision will be provided as withdrawal symptoms fade, and evaluation and diagnostic services are offered. A unique treatment plan based on the needs of the patient will be created, and a personal therapist will be provided to the patient, allowing him to have a voice in his recovery and receive one-on-one support throughout the treatment process. A schedule of therapeutic options will be chosen based on those needs and with an eye toward reaching the chosen treatment goals. As the patient reaches those goals, new ones will be created with an adjustment to the therapeutic choices if necessary. Additionally, if a problem arises during the course of treatment or if the patient requires specific support in a certain area (e.g., treatment for a co-occurring mental health disorder, help managing legal issues, family support and therapy, etc.), these can be addressed through therapy and the support of on-site substance abuse treatment professionals and peers.

Intensive Outpatient Treatment

Intensive outpatient addiction treatment programs offer many of the same services described above but without the round-the-clock care and support. Additionally, there may not be detox services or heavy emphasis on medications for detox, addiction cravings, or co-occurring mental health disorders. Instead, intensive outpatient treatment programs often require attendance for 4-5 hours a day during the week, allowing the patient to return home at night and on the weekends. To ensure the integrity of the program and that all patients are remaining drug- and alcohol-free, random and frequent drug tests are given. Patients may be encouraged or required to work or attend 12-step meetings out in the community during off times, and if they miss a certain number of treatment sessions, there may be penalties. The length of treatment may be longer in an outpatient program as compared to an inpatient rehab. After the first few weeks of treatment, patients may be “stepped down” to four and then three days of therapy sessions, or the number of hours may be cut back over time to allow the patient to slowly reintegrate into independent sober living while maintaining an ongoing connection with therapeutic support.

Outpatient Treatment Services The least intensive treatment option is to create a unique schedule of treatment services based on personal need and interests in recovery. Often resourced after inpatient rehab, many patients maintain an ongoing connection to the therapeutic community as they rebuild their lives in sobriety by attending personal therapy sessions, 12-step meetings, and any number of alternative and/or holistic treatment options that speak to their needs.
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Addiction treatment works best when it’s personalized

The Recovery Process

Just as addiction doesn’t happen overnight, recovery takes time as well. There is a process to recovery that takes time and patience, and going through it step by step is a part of how healing occurs. Most patients will go through the following:

  1. Intervention. When a patient is deep in the throes of addiction, he often lacks an objective view of just how much his life has changed and the serious need for treatment. An intervention provides family members with an opportunity to sit down with their addicted loved one, talk to him about his addiction history, and present him with the opportunity to start treatment immediately.
  2. Detox. Detox addresses the acute withdrawal issues that occur when someone stops taking her drug of choice. Physical withdrawal symptoms and mental health withdrawal symptoms will vary depending upon the drug or drugs that the person is dependent upon. Medications may be an option, and certain therapies can be helpful as well. Once stabilized, the patient can move on to more intensive therapeutic treatment.
  3. Treatment programs. Inpatient, intensive outpatient, and other outpatient treatment programs are all options for patients after drug detox. A uniquely developed treatment plan should be created on a case-by-case basis for each patient based on his experience in recovery, current medical and psychiatric needs, and goals for the future.
  4. Outpatient care. Some patients choose an intensive outpatient program after detox while others opt to utilize outpatient treatment services after they complete an inpatient drug rehab program. From 12-step meetings to group therapy to a variety of holistic, alternative, and traditional treatment services, any patient can find the unique combination of services that will best suit her needs.
  5. Sober living. Sober living programs offer patients the opportunity to find a “middle ground” between the 24-hour support offered by an inpatient rehab program and outpatient treatment services. At a sober living program, the patient can enjoy the peer and home support that comes with living where everyone is dedicated to avoiding drug and alcohol use while also working toward finding a new job, enrolling in school, re-establishing relationships with children and spouses, and more.
  6. Support groups. There are a number of different support groups available to patients in recovery during treatment and after they return home. These can help them to build a community in recovery, have a forum for venting frustrations and asking for assistance in dealing with specific issues, and provide a structure to their schedule in early recovery before they create positive connections and commitments and may be more likely to relapse.

Drug addiction treatment is the first step toward a new life in recovery. At The Recovery Village at Palmer Lake, there is a range of certified substance abuse treatment professionals on staff who are dedicated to providing each patient with a unique experience in early recovery. Every detail is chosen intentionally to support a strong start in the first weeks of sobriety and create a solid foundation that will sustain the patient for the long-term as he or she rebuilds a life in recovery. Learn more about the details of available treatment options at The Recovery Village at Palmer Lake when you contact an admissions coordinator at the phone number listed above. Admissions coordinators are available to speak to you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Call now to begin the process of treatment and recovery for yourself or someone you love who is struggling with drug addiction.

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Statistics and Research

  • According to SAMHSA’s National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), more than 23 million Americans over the age of 12 were living with a substance abuse problem that required treatment in 2009 (more than 9 percent of the country’s population over the age of 12). Only 2.6 million got the help they needed.
substance abuse stats
  • According to SAMHSA’s Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), in 2008, there were 1.8 million admissions at drug treatment at facilities required to report to state data systems.
  • More than 41 percent of new patients cited alcohol as their drug of choice, according to TEDS data from 2008. Heroin and prescription painkillers were the drugs of choice of 20 percent of patients, and marijuana posed the largest problem for 17 percent of admitted patients.
Polydrug Use
  • Multiple substances are increasingly an issue among patients seeking treatment as well. An estimated 18.3 percent sought help for dependence upon alcohol and another drug as well, according to the TEDS data.
  • Relapse rates among patients living with addiction are comparable to the relapse rates of patients living with other chronic medical disorders like hypertension, diabetes, and asthma.
  • The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) reports that almost 60 percent of the patients who seek drug addiction treatment are Caucasian. About 21 percent of incoming patients were African American, almost 14 percent were Hispanic, more than 2 percent were native American or Alaskan, and 1 percent were Pacific Islander.
  • NIDA also reported that the age group with the largest number of patient admissions was the group aged 25-29 at 14.8 percent. The 20-24 age group was a close second at 14.4 percent. Next in line was the 40-44 age group at 12.6 percent.
drug treatment age stats
  • The NIH reports that the cost of substance abuse (e.g., related health costs, law enforcement costs, etc.) in the US totals more than $700 billion every year. This includes an estimated $224 billion caused by alcohol use, $193 billion related to drug use, and $295 billion for tobacco use.
  • Overdose is a constant threat for people living with addiction. According to the NIH, between 2001 and 2013, there was a 2.5-fold increase in overdose deaths caused by prescription drugs in general, a threefold increase in overdose deaths caused specifically by opiate painkillers, and a fourfold increase in overdoses caused by benzodiazepines.
Overdose Rates
  • Additionally, the NIH reported that between 2001 and 2013, there was a 29 percent increase in overdose deaths caused by cocaine abuse and a fivefold increase in heroin overdose deaths.
  • Drugged driving is also a common problem for patients struggling with drug abuse and addiction. NIDA reports that about 32 million drivers drove after using drugs in 2012. The highest rate of drugged driving occurred in those between the ages of 18 and 25. They also report that drivers under the influence of marijuana were far more common than drivers under the influence of alcohol. They found that, in 2009, an estimated one in every three drivers who died in a car accident tested positive for drug use.

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Additional Treatment Manuals

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What is addiction?

Addiction is defined as a chronic disorder that is characterized by compulsive use of drugs and/or alcohol despite the ongoing negative consequences associated with use of these substances. Many patients are physically dependent upon their drug of choice, experiencing withdrawal symptoms when they attempt to get clean and sober. All are psychologically dependent, craving more and more of their substance of choice despite the negative impact on their health, family, personal well-being, and prospects for the future. Even when patients living with addiction are willing to stop using or drinking, they are unable to moderate their drug and alcohol intake and soon relapse unless they have the guidance, care, and support of professional substance abuse treatment.
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What are the causes of addiction?

There is no one cause of drug addiction, and no clear reason why it is that some people can have a “normal” relationship with alcohol or prescription drugs prescribed by a doctor and others develop a dependence disorder after a relatively short period of use. There are, however, a number of issues that can contribute to the development of drug addiction. These include:

  • Genetics: If a parent or sibling has struggled with drug abuse or dependence of any kind, it is more likely that a person will develop a substance abuse problem after “normal” use of drugs or alcohol.
  • Environment: A permissive attitude toward drugs and alcohol may contribute to the availability and social pressure to drink or get high.
  • Age of first use and/or chronic use: The earlier that someone first begins to use drugs and alcohol, the more likely it is that he will develop an addiction disorder. Similarly, the heavier the use of substances during key developmental periods (e.g., teen years and young adulthood), the more likely it is that significant brain changes will take place that make drug dependence a lifelong issue.
  • Co-occurring mental health issues: Patients who are diagnosed with a co-occurring mental health disorder (e.g., anxiety, depression, etc.) are more likely than the general public to struggle with substance abuse and addiction issues.

Additionally, acute stress, peer pressure, and emotional issues including grief may contribute to the abuse of substances, which in turn can lead to an addiction disorder.
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What are the signs of addiction?

Depending upon the drug of choice, the signs of drug addiction may vary significantly. For example, a patient who is dependent upon heroin or other opiate drugs (e.g., painkillers like OxyContin, Percocet, and others) may be more likely to isolate, spend a great deal of time “sleeping,” and often seem “zoned out” or out of it, while a patient who is dependent upon a stimulant drug like cocaine or crystal meth may by hyper alert and active, chatty and engaged with others, and go without sleep for days. In general, however, there are a number of common issues shared by people who are living with an active drug addiction, and these issues can be signs that their use of their drug of choice has become a serious problem. These signs include:

  • No longer spending time with family, friends, and others who do not drink or get high
  • Refusing to take part in activities or attend events where it will be impossible for them to drink or get high
  • Changes in personality, including extreme mood swings that change depending upon whether or not the patient is actively high or coming down after a binge
  • Experiencing significant health problems due to chronic drug use
  • Altered eating habits that lead to extreme weight gain or loss
  • Altered sleeping habits (e.g., sleeping too much or too little)
  • Lack of money due to the high cost of maintaining an addiction and/or an inability to maintain employment due to chronic drug use
  • Legal problems related to the purchase or possession of drugs or to choices made while under the influence (e.g., drunk or drugged driving)
  • New or worsened mental health symptoms caused by chronic drug use
  • An inability to stop or moderate drug or alcohol use despite the clear signs that it is becoming a problem
  • Withdrawal symptoms when without the drug of choice for any length of time

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When does abuse become addiction?

Addiction doesn’t occur overnight. Everyone starts with their first drink or use of their drug of choice. The rate at which occasional abuse turns into chronic abuse and then into addiction will vary from person to person, but there are usually stages of change that can indicate that a drug problem is worsening. These include:

  • Experimentation: Early use of any substance usually occurs in small amounts or only occasionally. Many people can stay in this stage for years or for a lifetime. They are able to stop at any time and go for long periods without drinking or getting high.
  • Regular use: Eventually, occasional or sporadic use of a given substance will become a regular habit. For example, the person may begin to have a drink every day after work or routinely smoke marijuana or another substance on breaks. His social circle may change to include only those who equally appreciate regular use of the substance of choice.
  • Risky use: Regular use increases to the point that it becomes a priority in the person’s life. The person no longer values her job, personal relationships, or health. Some may begin using on the sly, incur legal problems as a result of choices regarding drug use, or begin engaging in criminal behaviors in order to get more of the drug of choice.
  • Addiction: Cravings and preoccupation with getting and staying high defines the person’s life. He has a high tolerance for his drug of choice and often experiences physical and mental withdrawal symptoms if he is unable to get high. Relationship conflicts, health issues, legal problems, and other negative consequences caused by drug use may peak, and many addicts will find themselves isolated in their addiction and struggling with a lack of control over their lives.

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What are the commonly abuse drugs?

There are a number of different substances that can be abused for the purposes of getting high, both legal and illegal. Some of the most commonly abused drugs include:

  • Alcohol
  • Marijuana
  • Cocaine
  • Heroin
  • Prescription painkillers (e.g., OxyContin, Vicodin)
  • Prescription sedatives (e.g., Xanax, Valium)
  • Prescription stimulants (e.g., Adderall)
  • Hallucinogens
  • Inhalants
  • Ecstasy (MDMA)
  • Bath salts (synthetic cathinones)
  • Methamphetamine
  • PCP
  • Synthetic cannabinoids (e.g., K2, Spice)
  • Steroids

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When does an addiction require treatment?

In general, an addiction disorder requires treatment when it becomes intrusive in the person’s life, and the person finds that it is impossible to quit alone. However, one need not wait for a full-blown addiction in order to benefit from seeking help. Treatment can be beneficial once use of substances becomes a regular habit, a focus in a person’s life, and begins to cause problems. While detox may not be necessary in earlier stages of substance abuse, a number of therapeutic interventions can be extremely helpful in aiding the patient in stopping use of all drugs and alcohol or in finding more healthy coping mechanisms to manage stress and other issues. Once in the risky stage of drug and alcohol use, treatment is highly recommended if the person chronically relapses when attempting to moderate her substance use. Additionally, if and when withdrawal symptoms and cravings both characterize the person’s experience with substances and compulsive use is unmanageable, immediate addiction treatment is advised.
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Is addiction curable?

Unfortunately, no. Drug addiction is a chronic disease, and as such, there are a number of medical and psychotherapeutic treatment options that can help to mitigate relapse and aid the person in not only safely stopping the use of drugs but also in remaining drug-free for the long-term. The specific combination of treatment services that will be most effective in an individual person’s case will be based upon his drug history, the existence or not of co-occurring mental health disorders, and his goals for his future in recovery. Treatment can help to manage addiction so that it is no longer an intrusive problem for the individual patient, though it cannot be cured.
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How is drug addiction treated?

Every patient should undergo a personalized treatment plan in rehab that is based upon her unique needs and experience. In general, however, most patients will take on a treatment program that includes:

  • Detox: Medical care and, in some cases, medication to manage withdrawal symptoms
  • Personal therapy: One-on-one sessions designed to manage the person’s treatment needs and assess progress toward treatment goals
  • Group therapy: Group meetings that address a specific topic or issue facing addicts in recovery
  • Holistic treatment: A range of treatment options that work to lower stress and increase the success of addiction treatment
  • Aftercare: Follow-up care after rehabilitation is over that reinforces treatment principles

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Who can treat drug addiction?

A number of certifications and educational degrees support the profession of substance abuse treatment. Depending upon the service provided, medical doctors, psychiatric doctors, nurses, therapists, and other mental health and medical health professionals who specialize in the treatment of substance abuse may be appropriate caregivers for certain aspects of addiction treatment. Every rehabilitation program should be ready and able to demonstrate that they hold all necessary certifications and that all employees are properly certified and trained as well.
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What is drug detoxification?

Detox defines the initial phase of treatment for patients who struggle with physical withdrawal symptoms caused by the cessation of drug use. Because many patients have built up a tolerance to their drug of addiction, their bodies often react to stopping use of that substance with a range of physical symptoms that vary widely depending upon the drug of choice. In some cases, drug detox may include the use of medications in order to mitigate the experience of these withdrawal symptoms. In other cases, physical withdrawal symptom may be mild, and the patient will require only medical supervision during this process.
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What is integrated treatment?

Integrated treatment offers treatment services for all of the disorders and ailments that are facing the patient as she looks toward recovery. For example, many living with an addiction are also living with a co-occurring mental health disorder. When they enter treatment for their addiction disorder, it is recommended that they choose a treatment program that offers integrated care so they can also make progress in addressing their mental health issues as well. Often, the symptoms and effects of each of the co-occurring disorders interact with each other, each one worsening the issues related to the other. For example, a patient experiencing symptoms of depression may turn to alcohol in an effort to self-medicate this mental health issue – but ultimately only worsens the depression issue and ends up struggling with alcohol abuse or addiction as well. If the patient attempted to seek treatment for alcohol use only, when the depression again became an issue, she would be more likely to relapse if she had not also undergone treatment that gave her healthier coping mechanisms for dealing with her depression symptoms. Integrated care would provide treatment for addiction, any co-occurring mental health disorder, and support for other issues as well (e.g., legal problems, family difficulties, career issues, and more).
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What is relapse and relapse prevention?

The term “relapse” refers to the act of drinking or using drugs after a period of abstinence that was intended to be unending. Because there is no cure for addiction, relapse is often a part of recovery. It is not a necessary part of recovery, but it does happen and does not have to signify a return to full-blown and active addiction. Rather, it can serve as a learning experience that demonstrates the areas that need work in a person’s recovery program. Relapse prevention offers patients different options for dealing with the urge to relapse that are healthier and address the triggering issue directly. For example, if a patient often feels tempted to relapse after being around people who are drinking, rather than continue with lifestyle choices that continually expose him to this situation, relapse prevention would help him to find other employment, a new living situation, or new forms of recreation that removed that trigger from his life.
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What is aftercare?

When a patient’s time at an inpatient treatment program is over, she can embark on a new stage in recovery. Aftercare defines this period and is characterized by a range of therapies and treatment options designed to help the patient continue the work she began during rehab as well as get the support necessary to face inevitable challenges that arise during independent living in sobriety. Some common options include:

  • 12-step meetings
  • Personal therapy
  • Group therapy
  • Life coaching
  • Nutritional counseling
  • Personal training
  • Yoga
  • Acupuncture
  • Meditation
  • Herbs

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Drug Addiction Treatment Manual
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