Drinking more than three drinks in a single sitting will temporarily cause your blood pressure to rise, but extended binge drinking, or regular alcohol consumption can cause a permanent increase in blood pressure.
Below we highlight the effects alcohol can have on your blood pressure, as well as the negative consequences that having high blood pressure can have on your health.
What is High Blood Pressure?
In order for your blood to properly circulate throughout your body, pressure is required. A heart that’s healthy and functioning normally will pump blood throughout your body at a relatively low blood pressure.
High blood pressure means that your heart must pump harder in order to pump the blood throughout your body. This also strains your arteries, as they have to work to carry the blood that’s now flowing through your body at a greater pressure.
Unfortunately, having high blood pressure usually doesn’t have very many symptoms, so it can be hard to diagnose until it’s too late.
How Alcohol Affects Blood Pressure
Drinking heavy amounts of alcohol over time will cause your blood pressure to rise. When you consume alcohol above a level that your body can regularly process, it can cause your blood pressure to increase. For the duration of your drinking, and for some time after your blood pressure will remain elevated.
That’s why sustained heavy drinking can be so dangerous for your blood pressure. You never give your heart a break. Over time this will only compound and you’ll have dangerously high blood pressure.
The Dire Consequences of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can cause a host of health issues. For starters, it can cause kidney damage and even lead to retinal damage. High blood pressure can also lead to these two potential consequences:
High blood pressure puts a strain on arteries and blood vessels throughout your entire body, including those in your brain. The continued stress could either cause the vessels to clog, or weaken. If this happens there’s a blockage of blood to the brain, or there’s bleeding into the brain, which results in a stroke.
2. Heart Attack
Having high blood pressure will greatly increase your risk of heart attack. Since high blood pressure makes your heart work harder, and increases the overall strain on your heart, you increase your risk of chest pains, breathlessness, and even heart attack.
Seeking Treatment for Alcohol Abuse
In order to safely lower your blood pressure to a healthy range it’s important to decrease the total amount and frequency at which you consume alcohol. If you’re a heavy drinker consider cutting back to more moderate levels of drinking over a sustained period of time. Immediately stopping alcohol consumption can be incredibly dangerous if you’re a heavy drinker.
If you’re trying to treat alcoholism in yourself or a loved one it’s always a good idea to seek out the support of an alcohol treatment center with experienced medical staff. This will help to ease the transition and make your path to sobriety much more tolerable. If you or a loved one has made the decision to stop drinking, then reach out to our team today.
“Alcohol and Blood Pressure” AHA, 14 Aug 2014. Web. 10 Feb 2016.
Puddey, IB. “Alcohol is bad for blood pressure” PubMed, Sep 2006. Web. 10 Feb 2016.